Outcomes and principles

Proposed outcomes and principles | Ngā hua me ngā mātāpono e marohitia nei

All decision-making about infrastructure must be guided by Te Tiriti o Waitangi (the Treaty of Waitangi) and its principles, but specifically the obligation to partner with Māori. As well as this, we propose a fundamental principle that infrastructure should support oranga tangata or the wellbeing of people.

To achieve this, we propose that infrastructure investment decisions be guided by the following outcomes.

  • Efficient: Infrastructure decisions provide value for money, meaning that the benefits of infrastructure for economic, social, environmental and cultural wellbeing are larger than the costs to provide it.
  • Equitable: Infrastructure decisions, including those that relate to funding, are fair and inclusive of all New Zealanders and recognise the needs of those who are disadvantaged or vulnerable in our society.
  • Affordable: Infrastructure is affordable for providers and users, which means that we carefully prioritise new investment, while making the most of the infrastructure we already have.


“A system of inter-connected physical structures that employ capital to provide shared services to enhance wellbeing.”

We propose that these outcomes be supported by the following decision-making principles.

  • Future-focused: We think about the future while learning from the past, and ensure that our infrastructure is adaptable and responsive to changing circumstances, including climate change.
  • Transparent: We are open, honest and transparent about how infrastructure decisions are made and the trade-offs we are making between different outcomes.
  • Focused on options: We consider all relevant options to deliver outcomes, including non-built alternatives to physical infrastructure.
  • Integrated: We think across infrastructure networks and avoid siloed thinking and decision-making.
  • Evidence-based: Infrastructure decisions are based on robust and accurate information about costs, benefits, risks, and wider positive and negative impacts, including the quantifications of costs, benefits and risks wherever possible.